Maurya means Magadha, The fourth dynasty follow by the Mahabharata war (3139 BC). Chandragupta Maurya was the first king and creator of the Maurya Kingdom. The Maurya Kingdom was the first great Kingdom in the history of India, which rules by the Maurya dynasty from 321 BC to 185 BC.
Maurya Kingdom History
At that time, the Magadha Kingdom rules by the Nand dynasty and Magadha was a powerful Kingdom. When Sikandar was climbing from the Punjab side. Then Chankya who also know as Kautilya. He tried to tell about this the King of the Magadha kingdom so that the Magadha Kingdom not avoided. But King Ghananand rejected his point. And when he insulted Chanakya, Chanakya took a pledge to teach a lesson to Ghananand and to give the Magadha Kingdom a good king.
India divides into small counties. At that time there were only a few major ruling castes in which Shakya, Maurya had more influence. Chandragupta was the son of the same gan chief and in his childhood, he had all the qualities of the warrior. Chandragupta had the natural qualities of becoming a king. ‘Chanakya made him his disciple, given the same qualification.
Chanakya was well versed in politics and state affairs. He prepared Chandragupta and other army and helped him eliminate the Nand Dynasty.
Thus, with the help of Chanakya, Chandragupta uprooted the last Nand ruler and established the Maurya Kingdom where Chandragupta Morya became king and Chanakya became the Chief Minister in the court.
Important rulers of this lineage were Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, and Raja Ashok. This Kingdom reached its peak under King Ashoka, however, immediately after the death of King Ashoka, this mighty Kingdom began to fall rapidly.
Let us know the Maurya Kingdom in detail.
Chandragupta Maurya (323-298 BC) the first creator of the Maurya Kingdom in ancient India. They succeeded in bringing entire India under one Kingdom. The date of Taking charge of Chandragupta Maurya believes to be 324 BC. He ruled for approximately 25 years and thus the end of his rule was often in 297 BC.
His son Bindusara took over his Kingdom. The Maurya Kingdom is considered to be one of the most powerful Kingdoms in history. At the end of his Kingdom, Chandragupta had success in governing all the Indian subcontinent excepting Tamil Nadu and present Odisha.
His Kingdom spread from Bengal to Afghanistan and Balochistan and from west to Pakistan. In the Himalayas and the northern part of Kashmir. As well as expanding to Platau in the south. In Indian history, the reign of Chandragupta Morya is considered to the largest rule.
Many Indians know that Chandragupta Maurya was the first ruler of the Maurya Kingdom in Indian history. While Bindusaar was the son of the next Maurya ruler and Chandragupta Maurya. The famous ruler of history was the son of King Ashok Bindusaar. He ruled for almost 25 years.
Bindusaar got a huge Kingdom from his father. He also extended the state to South India. Chanakya also remained prime minister in his time. Bindusaar is known as ‘Father of Son and Son of Son’ because he was the father of the famous and mighty ruler ChandraGupta Maurya and father of the great King Ashoka.
Ashoka Maurya, which commonly knows as Samrat Ashoka and Ashoka Maha. King Asoka was an Indian King of the Mauryan dynasty. King Ashoka was one of the great powerful Kingdoms of India. He ruled for almost 41 years.
In the latter part of life, King Ashoka became Buddhist after influence by Lord Buddha’s humanitarian teachings and in the memory of them, he set up many columns, which is still near his birthplace in Nepal – Lumbini – Mayaadevi Temple, Sarnath, Bodh Gaya, Kushinagar and Adi, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China can still see as Ashoka Pillar in these countries.
King Ashoka also promoted Buddhism in India besides Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, West Asia, Egypt, and Greece. King Ashoka did not lose a single battle in his entire life. At the same time, 23 universities established in the time of King Asoka, including Takshshila, Nalanda, Vikramshila, Kandahar etc. In these universities, many students from abroad used to come to India to get the education.
India’s national symbol ‘AshokaChakra’ and the ‘Trinity’ of lions also belong to Samrat Ashoka. These works are inscribed on Ashoka-made pillars and stupas. Trimurti replica of ceramics built on the pillars of the Buddhist Stupa of Sarnath (Varanasi).
So now we can say that the Maurya empire is very large and expanded, it was our largest empire of India and it create by Moryans.