Children are considered as the best gifts given by the God. But growing birth rate also expands the populations which may be soon going to be uncontrollable. As per the United Nations Organization report around 7.6 billion in 2017, up from 7.4 billion in 2015.

It is due to relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries. Despite an overall drop in the number of children, people have across the world. Every year there are approximately 83 million people being added to the world’s population as per UN organization.  It is mainly due to the upward tendency in population size is expected to continue. If this rate continues then the population of the world is predicted to reach 8.6 billion in 2030. This will reach 9.8 billion in 2050 and exceed 11.2 billion in 2100.

Reasons for a high birth rate in the least developed countries

  • Low Educational and Knowledge level
  • The dearth of awareness regarding family planning
  • Lack of knowledge regarding contraceptive devices

Also in an earlier decade, there have been no such advancements in the medical technology which leads to controlled birth rate. But these days countries have all the necessary medical assets and technology. The social structure, religious beliefs, urbanization and economic prosperity within each country are expected to affect abortion rate as well as birth rates.

Deviations in the birth rate of developed, developing and least developed countries.

According to the recent report of United Nation organizations, the growth is expected to come, in part, from the 47 least developed countries.

Here the fertility rate is around 4.3 births per woman, and whose population is expected to reach 1.9 billion people in 2050. This is currently around one billion. But the birth rate is deteriorating in the developed and developing countries due to high maternal and perinatal mortality, there is a reduction in birth rates with high fertility rates.

Also, the changing lifestyle choices associated with economic affluence where mortality rates are low, birth control is easily accessible and children often can become an economic drain caused by costing involved in bringing up of children.

In developing countries children are used as a labour force and to provide care for their parents in old age. The probable reasons such as lack of access to contraceptives and low levels of female education made these countries high in fertility rates.

Here is the list of top 10 highest birth rate countries in the world by the year 2018

Country Birth per women
Nigeria 6.98
Uganda 6.4
Mali 5.73
Somalia 5.7
Ethiopia 5.64
Burkino Faso 5.54
Burundi 5.42
Zambia 5.19
Angola 5.02


Nigeria the highest birth rate country in the world

Nigeria ranks 1st with the highest birth rate in the world. Every year there is a rise of 46.12 babies’ increment from per 1000 populace. Niger is located in mainland Africa in the desert with 1,270,000 kilometers square of area zone. Its capital is Niamey and dialect is French. In 2000 its populace was 11 million and conception for every lady was 7.72. Because of high proportion of births its populace expanded to 17.83 million in 2013 as per the World Bank. Presently the conception rate is practically same and populace is as yet expanding rapidly. Niger has the 46.12 babies increment from per 1000 populace in every year.



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