History of India is considered to be thousands of years old. If India’s history to one of the great chapters of the history of the world, it cannot say exaggerated. Describing this, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, had said, “Born with contradictions but tied with invisible strings strong”.
The characteristic of Indian history is that it is engaged in a continuous process of finding itself and constantly growing, so it seems elusive to those who try to understand it at once.
The history of this wonderful subcontinent is about 75,000 years old and its proof comes from homo sapiens human activity. It is surprising that 5,000 years ago the settlers of the Indus Valley Civilization developed an urban culture based on agriculture and trade.
Let us know the history of Indian history top 10 events in Indian history.
Partition of India and Pakistan (1947)
India, called the subcontinent of Asia on 15 August 1947, liberated from British rule, but on the principle of two nations, the British gave India freedom on the condition that unbroken India would be fragmented. India partitioned as Hindustan and Pakistan on the basis of the Mountbatten scheme, Indian Independence Act of 1947.
You will be surprised at the fact that in the history of human race, there was never so much the establishment of people in the numbers. This number was about 1.45 million. According to the displaced census of 1951, 72,26,000 Muslims left India after the partition and went to Pakistan and 72,49,000 Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India after leaving Pakistan.
India became independent from British rule (1947)
India is completing almost 70 years of independence. During this time the country has set records in every field. If you look at political changes, then forward-looking plans and programs for development.
If the war had to be two to four, then India increased its nuclear power. From Metro train to the computer, become part of the life of Indian citizens. Today, we are moving ahead on the path of progress with the world’s legendary countries.
But from the country’s independence to the present, the countrymen have seen all the ups and downs. A similar date of the past which became the history of India.15 August 1947 – Former Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the country on the midnight of August 14 and declared India’s independence. Thus, on August 15, 1947, India liberation from British rule.
Second Battle of Panipat (1556)
The Second War of Panipat (5 November 1556) fight between the Hindu ruler Emperor Hemchandra Vikramaditya (popular name Hemu) of North India and Akbar’s army on November 5, 1556, in the grounds of Panipat. This was a decisive victory for Akbar’s commander Khan Zaman and Bairam Khan.
As a result of this war, the struggle between the Mughals and the Afghans for supremacy in Delhi finally finalize in favor of the Mughals and for the next three hundred years, the Mughals remained nearby.
Second Battle of Tarain (1192)
The second war of Tarain fight in the year 1192 between Prithviraj Chauhan and Shahabuddin Muhammad Gouri. This battle of Tarain considers a special turning point in ‘Indian history’. The victory of Muslims and the defeat of the Rajputs in this war defeat.
From this victory, the outer invaders’ fringes go to settle in India for a long time. Because before this war, many Hindu kings of Prithviraj had fought and their relations with these kings were not harmonious, due to which most Rajput kings did not associate Prithviraj in the second battle of Tarain.
Battle of Haldighati (1576)
Battle of Haldighati fight between Mughal Emperor Akbar and Maharana Pratap on June 18, 1576. This war between Akbar and Maharana Pratap proved to be devastating like the Mahabharata war. It believes that neither Akbar could win this war nor did Maharana Pratap lose.
When the Mughals had more military power, then Maharana Pratap had no lack of belligerent power. For the last time, he did not accept the treaty of Akbar and he fought the battles while living with honor.
First Battle of Panipat (21, April 1526)
The first battle of Panipat (21, April 1526) fight in northern India, and it laid the foundations of the Mughal Empire in this area. It one of those first battles in which gunpowder, firearms, and plain artillery include in the fight. In 1526, the army of Tamururi ruler Zaheeruddin Mohammad Babur of Kabul defeated a much larger army of Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi.
The war fight on 21 April near a small village name Panipat, which locate in the present Indian state of Haryana. Panipat is the place where many decisive battles fought for control of North India since the twelfth century.
Chandragupta Maurya (340 BC)
Chandragupta Maurya born in Pataliputra in 340 BC, which situate in Bihar today. His background, though, is uncertain. Some claims say that they were descendants of Nand.
He was a brave and sensible leader since childhood, Chanakya, who was a great Brahmin scholar of expertise in economics and political science, under his umbrella, Chandra Gupta Maurya got guidance in Takshashila University, and later he became the master of Chandragupta.
He established an army with the help of Chanakya, and when the Maurya Empire establish, later he became his Chief Advisor and Prime Minister.
Raja Raja Chola I (985 to 1014 AD)
Who laid the foundations of the Chola Empire in the form of a powerful empire, that person is none other than the great king. He was also an organizational and political genius, patron of art and religion.When Rajaraja became the ruler, he conquered the southern states and southern states and Kalinga in the northeast (Orissa) in the south.
They fought in Chalukyas in the north and fought several Pandas in the south. They also suppressed the traditional Chera protest in the southwest. He had a decade of work time in making South India the supreme ruler.
Muhammad bin Qasim
The first successful invasion of India was done by Mohammed bin-Qasim in 712 AD. This attack took place during the reign of Dffta-al-Wajid. The death of Arab pilgrims in Sri Lanka was the main reason for this attack. The original purpose of the Arab invasion of India was to loot and spread the religion of Islam.
During the invasion of Muhammad-bin-Qasim, the ruler of Sindh was Dahir, he won Sindh and Multan. Because of the immense wealth of the Arab invaders from Multan, they called Multan as the Golden City. Mohammed bin-Qasim was the first person to impose Judge tax in India. The numeral in the Arabic language is called Hindsa because their origin is Hind (India).
Invasion of Alexander
In 326 BC, Alexander crossed the Indus River and headed towards Taxila and invaded India. Then he challenged King Pauras of the state of Jhelum and Chenab rivers. Although the Indians fights with the elephants. The people of Dick Macedonians had never seen before, but the Indians were defeated after a fierce battle. Alexander arrested Pauras, and as such, he defeated other distinguished kings.
Alexander’s army gathers in the village of Malis, one of the fiercest Indian fighter’s tribes. Alexander injures several times in this attack. When an arrow penetrated his wrist and went into his ribs, he seriously injures. Macedonian officials escorted him out of the village with great difficulty. Alexander and his army arrive at the mouth of the river Indus in July 325 BC and turned west towards the house.
So these are the things that are related to Indian history which always have a question and answer for us.