Secularism is a Philosophy or ideology which focuses on the separation of the governmental functioning and the religious affairs.The ideology of Secularism also enables people to express their opinions and beliefs freely. The sole aim of this is “To ensure equal treatment of all religions irrespective of whether whether the religion is minority or majority“.
Indian constitution doesn’t support any particular religion and persons belongings to all religious get equal opportunity in performing their religious rites.Indian secularism recognizes the importance of religion in human life. India,as a country and nation,has always been secular. India is a very big and great country populated by many communities.It is a second largest country in the world after China in population. In India every citizen is free in his religious matters.All religions are treated equally.The Indian government neither favours nor opposes any religion.Its regards religion and its practice as a personal affairs of the citizens.India has always been religiously a federal nation.
Secular principles encourage fairness and mutual consideration and help us all within responsible limits to live together in the way we choose.India’s constitution and its laws doesn’t define the relationship between religion and state.The introductory statement of Indian constitution aims to constitute India a Sovereign, Socialist democratic republic.
Secularism wants to protect freedom of religious belief and practice for all citizens.Secularists seek freedom of everything.They do not wish to curtail religious freedoms. Secularism promotes freedom within religions and promotes equality between, as well as within religions. According to Amartya sen ‘The roots of Indian secularism can be traced back to its long and diverse multi-faith history.’ India’s secularism tends to emphasize the”neutrality”of the state in religious affairs as opposed to a strict”separation” of the state from religion.
After Independence Indian democracy willy-nilly followed the Gandhian and the Nehruvian concepts of Secularism.The present and future of Secularism in India should be seen in historical perspective.To established authority in India over people of several faiths, rules had perforce to keep religion in its place.
To argue for a secular state in India today is not easy. Its implications are misinterpreted or misrepresented.