India is soon going to launch its spacecraft through its heavy payload lifter GSLV MK II under Chandrayan 2 mission. This module will carry an orbiter, lander, and a rover to the moon’s surface. The launching date of Chandrayan-2 is sometime in April of this year. After launching through GSLV MK II , the orbiter will reach the moon surface in a period of one to two months.
After reaching Chandrayan-2 to the moon’s orbit, the lander will separate itself from the orbiter and will make a soft landing near the south pole of the moon. The six-wheeled rover will separate itself and move on the moon’s surface. Chandrayan-2’s rover is designed in such a way that it will spend a lunar day or about 14 earth days on the surface of moon. It will able to walk up to 150 to 200 meters. It will do several experiments and some chemical analysis on the moon’s surface.
The Isro chairman said, “The rover will then send data and images of the lunar surface back to the Earth through the orbiter within 15 minutes. After spending 14 earth days, the rover will go in a sleep mode. We are hoping the rover will again come alive whenever that part of the moon gets sunlight and recharges the rover’s solar cells. Besides the rover, the orbiter will also capture images of the moon while orbiting it.”
According to Dr. Sivan all three components of the Chandrayan-2 are almost ready. Currently, their assembly is going on. Once the module is ready, it will have to go through important tests. He said, “The launch date will depend on various factors like the moon’s relative position with respect to the Earth.
GSLV will put the spacecraft in 170 km x 20,000 km elliptical orbit. Then it will set towards lunar orbit through the firing of thrusters.