There is a continuing failure in building a robust defense production industry in India. This made India continues to remain in the strategically-vulnerable position of being the world’s largest arms importer. Presently, it is accounting 12% of the global imports from 2013-2017.
As per data on international arms transfer released by global think-tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the arms import by India increased by 24% between 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 periods.
India is followed by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE, China, Australia, Algeria, Iraq, Pakistan, and Indonesia as the world’s top arms importer. Also, the largest arms suppliers to India from 2013-2017 were Russia (62%), US (15%) and Israel (11%).
Who is the Biggest buyer of weaponry?
Though India remains the biggest buyer of weaponry from Russia and Israel. But it is increasing imports from the US as well.
The US counters China’s growing influence in Asia. So it has notched up military sales to India. It is worth $15 billion over the last decade and up by 557% between 2008-2012 and 2013-2017.
This is possible to overtake several countries and displace Russia at the top spot for a couple of years.
China’s biggest clients are Pakistan. It receives 35% of its exports, and Bangladesh (19%). China wants to build a strong defense-industrial base (DIB) figures among the world’s top-five arms exporters. The world top exporters are US, Russia, France, and Germany. They together account for 74% of all arms exports.
What SIPRI said?
As per SIPRI “Arms transfers are often used as a US foreign policy tool to forge new strategic partnerships.
The US is improving its ties with India. Its arms deliveries to India rose by 557% between 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. This is its efforts to offset China’s growing influence in Asia and Oceania.
What Defense minister said?
India yet continues to stumble with an inexpert DIB. So, armed forces source 65% of their requirements from abroad.
Also, the Successive governments failed to overhaul the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
Defense minister Nirmala Sitharaman told that defense PSUs and ordnance factories need to be “made a lot more dynamic.”
- Arms imports by India increased by 24% between 2008-2012 and 2013-2017.
- The largest arms suppliers to India from 2013-2017 were Russia (62%), US (15%) and Israel (11%).