Many people are frightened to write an FIR. They know everything, but still could not able to tell the police anything because of fear. This is not just the reason. Many times it happens that the people are stuck into troubled. This is due to the wrong behavior of the police. But do you ever realized that we citizens of India has got some rights? And we must aware of it. Also, there are many rules of lodging an FIR. If you are aware of it, then the how renowned the police officer is. He has to listen to you.
The most important 7 Rules about FIR-
1- First Information Report (FIR) refers to a written statement. When there is a clearly identifiable offense. Then the police begin the investigation after writing an FIR. The clearly identifiable offense is an offense where the police can arrest the concerned person without the need for the warrant. It should be noti9ced that in such cases the police did not require taking any kind of permit from the court.
2- When there is non- cognizable offense then the police have to take the permission of the magistrate. Then only FIR can be filed. In this case, the police are not allowed to arrest without having a warrant.
3- It is not essential that only the victim can file an FIR. Any person who knows about the incident. He or she can file an FIR. Also, If a police officer is aware of any kind of incident. Then he himself can register an FIR. But there should be any kind of delay in writing the FIR. Only when there is a strong reason then it can be delayed.
4- The complainant has the full right to have a copy of the FIR. The police cannot deny it. For this, no charge can be taken from the complainant.
5- It is the duty of the police officer to check whether the FIR that has been written is proper or not. It should be same as what told by the complainant. No alteration and manipulations are allowed. Then it should be read by the complainant. If the complainant agreed, then he could sign it. Police officers can not comment on themselves in FIR. They can not even highlight a point.
6- If any police officer rejects to write an FIR. Then the complainant can complain to the senior officer of the area. And if there is no solution for the problem then Complaint can be made to the magistrate. In this case, the magistrate can order the police to write an FIR.
7- FIR has to be written in full detail. Every important point of the incident should be mentioned. For example, where the crime happened, what was the time, who did it, who saw, what was the damage etc. It is compulsory to complete the initial investigation by the police in the first week of filing an FIR. It is not allowed to do it after a week.
Every citizen of India must keep all these points in mind during filing an FIR. Instead of getting afraid one should be aware properly. So that no corrupt official and even criminal will make benefit out of it.